Jujutsu Becomes Judo #2
separate schools, named Miura and Terada. The art taught by
Miura was named wa (which is equivalent to yawara), and the art taught by
Terada was named ju (which is equivalent to jujutsu).
The date of the period in which Fukuno flourished is not
mentioned in the certificate quoted above, but it is seen from the date in
another manuscript that it must have been before the 1lth year of Kuanbun
The Owari meisho dzue gives an account of Chingempin.
According to it, Chingempin was a native of Korinken in China, who fled to
Japan in order to escape from the troubles at the close of the Min dynasty. He
was cordially received by the prince of Owari, and there died at the age of 85
in 1671, which is stated to be the date on his tombstone in Kenchuji in Nagoya.
In the same book a passage is quoted from Kenpohisho which relates that when
Chingempin lived in Kokushoji in Azabu, the three ronins Fukuno, Isogai and
Miura also lived there, and Chingempin told them that in China there was an art
of seizing a man and that he had seen it; that it was of such and such a
nature. Finally these three men, after hearing this, investigated the art and
as a result, the school of the art called kitoryu was founded.
In a book called the Sen tetsu so dan, which may be
considered one of the authorities on this subject, it is stated that Chingempin
was born probably in the 15th year of Banreki according to Chinese chronology,
that is in 1587; that he met at Nagoya, a priest named Gensei in the second
year of Manji, that is in 1659, with whom he became very intimate. They
published some poems under the titleGen Gen Sho Washu
In another book named Kiyu sho ran it is related that
Chingempin came to Japan in the second year of Manji (1659).
Again it is generally understood that Shunsui, a famous
Chinese scholar, came to Japan on the fall of the Min dynasty in the second
year of Manji (1659). From these various accounts it seems evident that
Chingempin flourished in Japan some time after the second year of Manji, in
1659. So that the statement of the Bujutsu rusoroku that Miura flourished in
the time of Eiroku must be discredited. It is evident from the accounts already
given that Chingempin flourished at a later period., and that Miura was his
There are other accounts of the origin of jujutsu given by
various schools of the art, to which we must now turn.
The account given by the school named Yoshinryu is as
This school was begun by Miura Yoshin, a
physician of Nagasaki in Hizen. He flourished in the early times of the
Tokugawa shoguns. Believing that many diseases arose from not using mind and
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