Jujutsu Becomes Judo #5
after him as the Shibukawaryu. Sekiguchi Jushin of the
present time is a descendant of the originator (being of the ninth generation
from him). Shibukawa Bangoro, the eighth descendant of the originator of
Shibukawaryu, is now teaching his art at Motomachi in Hongo in Tokyo.
* The Yoshinryu.As has been stated above, there are two
different accounts of the origin of this school. But on examining the
manuscripts and the methods of those two schools, one of which traces the
originator to Miura Yoshin and the other to Akiyama Shirobei, the close
resemblances of the accounts lead to the belief that both had a common origin.
The representative of Yoshinryu of Miura Yoshin at present is Totsuka Eibi, who
is now teaching at Chiba, near Tokyo. His father was Totsuka Hikosuke, who died
but two years ago. This man was one of the most celebrated masters of the art
of late years. His father, Hikoyemon, was also very famous in the time he
flourished. He studied his art under Egami Kauanriu, who made a profound
investigation of the subject and was called the originator of Yoshinryu in
later times. This man is said to have died in 1795. Another famous master of
this school was Hitotsuyanagi Oribe. The Yoshinryu art which this man studied
is the one which is said to have come from Akiyama.
* Tenjin Shinyoryu.This school was originated by Iso
Mataemon, who died but 26 years ago. He first studied Yoshinryu under
Hitotsuyanagi Oriye and then shin no shinto ryu (one of the schools of jujutsu
which has developed out of Yoshinryu) from Homma Joyemon, He then went to
different parts of the country to try his art with other masters, and finally
formed a school of his own and named it tenjin shinyoryu. His school was at
Otamagaike in Tokyo. His name spread throughout the country and he was
considered the greatest master of the time. His son was named Iso Mataichiro.
He became the teacher of jujutsu in a school founded by one of the Tokugawa
shoguns for different arts of warfare. Among the famous pupils of Mataemon may
be mentioned Nishimura, Okada, Yamamoto, Matsunaga and Ichikawa.
We have mentioned different names, such as jujutsu, yawara,
tai-jutsu, kempo, hakuda, kogusoku. They are sometimes distinguished from one
another, but very often applied to the art generally. For the present, without
entering into detailed explanations of those names, we shall explain in a
concise way what is the thing itself which these names come respectively to
Jujutsu is an art of fighting without weapons and sometimes
with small weapons much practiced by the samurai, and less generally the common
people in the times of the Tokugawas.
There are various ways of gaining victory, such as throwing
heavily on the ground; choking up the throat; holding down on the ground or
pushing to a wall in such a way that an opponent cannot rise up or move freely;
twisting or bending arms, legs or fingers in such a way that an opponent cannot
bear the pain, etc.
There are various schools, and some schools practice all
these methods and some only a few of them. Besides these, in some of the
schools special exercises, called atemi and kuatsu, are taught. Atemi is the
art of striking or kicking some of the parts of the body in order to kill or
injure the opponents. Kuatsu, which means to resuscitate, is an art of
resuscitating those who have apparently died through violence.
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