Jujutsu Becomes Judo # 6
The most important principle of throwing as practiced was to
disturb the center of gravity of the opponent, and then pull or push in a way
that the opponent cannot stand, exerting skill rather than strength, so that he
might lose his equilibrium and fall heavily to the ground. A series of rules
was taught respecting the different motions of feet, legs, arms, hands, the
thigh and back, in order to accomplish this object. Choking up the throat was
done by the hands, forearms, or by twisting the collar of the opponent's coat
round the throat. For holding down and pushing, any part of the body was used.
For twisting and bending, the parts employed were generally the arms, hands and
fingers, and sometimes the legs.
The kuatsu or art of resuscitating is considered a secret;
generally only the pupils and those who have made some progress in the art
receive instruction. It has been customary with those schools where kuatsu is
taught for teachers to receive a certain sum of money for teaching. And the
pupils were to be instructed in the art after taking an oath that they never
reveal the art to any one, even to parents and brothers.
The methods of kuatsu are numerous and differ greatly in the
different schools. The simplest is that for resuscitating those who have been
temporarily suffocated by choking up the throat. There are various methods for
doing this, one of which is to embrace the patient from the back and placing
those edges on the palms of both hands which are opposite the thumb to the
lower part of the abdomen to push it up towards the operator's own body with
those edges. The other kinds of kuatsu are such as recovering those who have
fallen down from great heights and those who have been strangled, those who had
been drowned, those who had received severe blows, etc. For these more
complicated methods are employed.
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